This provision, putting a person’s life into the hands of another, is an an innovation that has been created, not by a legislative body (although, of course, no Parliament has the right to disregard the fundamental principle ‘thou shalt not kill’) but by a group of judges.

Under the Court’s ruling, not only “voluntary” but also what it calls “avoluntary” euthanasia are to be legally excused from 10- to 13-year prison penalties associated with article 144 of the Ecuadorian Penal Code which defines various kinds of voluntary homicide (not first-degree murder).

……….Not so in Ecuador. Under the provisions of the Constitutional Court, there is no question of anything the patient might have said or not said before becoming incompetent, and it is therefore a “third party,” as the ruling clearly states, who is given the power to decide in the patient’s stead as his or her representative.